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Pond Supplies

WhatPond
555 Donation Rd.
Erie, Pa. 16509
Support@WhatPond.com
(814) 440-1790

Pond Minnows

fathead_minnow1
Smallest of the pond fish family. These pond minnows are colorful and very entertaining as they dart around in search for food and retreating from predators. Pond minnows are helpful for the pond, and not just live bait. There are quite a few species of pond minnows. To name a few; Fat head, Shiner, Gold shiner, and Stickleback. When reproducing some species have sticky eggs that may place on pond plants or in other fish nest. While others build their own nest. As for monitoring the nest, once again it is different with the species. Some stay to guard the nest while other lay the eggs and leave.shiner1

In appearance, the pond minnows looks like an ordinary fish, just much smaller. Some colors may be silvery gray with green on the back, a number of dark vertical bars across the sides. In spring and early summer, the breast of the male becomes reddish and there are patches of emerald green on the sides, truly a beautiful little fish. No matter what the species they all have their own unique colors and shapes, even solid colors that can be used in aquariums.

Pond minnows seem to be extraordinarily intelligent, for fish. They seem to know when an intruder “means well” and, when the intruder does not mean well. Some species have an alert system, that if an intruder should capture and break the skin, emits a smell to alarm the others in the school of the danger. As an example when feeding Koi the Pond minnows are in the area but not afraid of the larger Koi. When they see the Koi they just move out of the way, but don’t dart off as if to save their life.

Put a net in after them and they will disappear, they can travel fast when they need to get out of harms way. Pond minnows are useful in a pond, other than their entertaining qualities. They have a hunger for the larvae of mosquitoes along with other unwanted bug larvae, that always make an appearance in an outdoor pond. The pond minnows benefit from this live food and you benefit by the absence of it, otherwise a swarm of mature insects would be flying around.

gold-shinerPond minnows are a natural prey of many fresh water fish, but with their keen sense and speed most survive. Remember that all pond fish are more or less meat eaters, preying on small fry and eggs of all kinds , even their own.

These little guys have three roles in the pond. One is a source of food for the larger pond fish and the second to help eliminate the bugs before they hatch. Third is for our own entertainment.Larger ponds that attack water fowl may get pond minnows from the feet of these birds. It is always a good feeling to walk around and see the life even the pond minnows.

WhatPond, Your Pond Specialist
555 Donation rd. EriePa.16509 USA 
 • 814-440-1790

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4 Reviews… add one

Anonymous May 21, 2011, 7:09 am

We’ve got a farm pond about 3/4 acre – we stocked it as directed starting with the minnows. We could always see minnows by the 100’s – but this year I can’t see a single minnow. The pond is about 4 years old. We had a very dry season last year and the pond probably lost 20% of it’s water, we also put an all natural ensymne (spelling?) to clean scum last year. We got it at a pond store and did lots of research to be sure we would not harm the fish. So any ideas?

Darrell Rhoades May 22, 2011, 4:38 am

What are the other fish species you stocked? These fish may have eaten all the minnows. One of the reasons for losing the minnows is habitat, meaning a place to hide from the predators. Artificial and natural habitat is two ways to create habitat. Doing this allows a place for the smaller fish to hide and survive much longer. But also the predators will lurk around the habitat area waiting for the brave little one venturing out too far. Losing 20% of the pond brings all the fish closer together.

Using a natural enzyme should not hurt the fish. The question is about the pond scum, what did it look like? Example would be looking like paint that was spilt in the water, or possibly very tiny plants that cover the surface of the water. Does the pond scum show appear certain time of the day then seem to go away? These are a form of algae or weeds which may need to be treated with an algaecide or herbicide.

Being four years old and if you don’t have proper sized aeration the fish waste, plants, leaves, runoff from lawns and other sources of debris in the water has built up at the bottom of the pond creating nutrients for algae and weeds, all this debris is generally called muck. This can be remedied with aeration and natural bacteria’s, when combined these tool will break down the muck thus removing nutrients so weeds and algae can’t use them. The other big benefit of aeration is supplying the pond with dissolved oxygen from top to bottom giving the fish more room to freely roam about, break the thermal layer in the pond and release the toxic gasses from the mucky bottom.

More info can be found at the Problem Pond page, Bottom Aeration and to browse thru the different size aeration systems and natural pond water treatments click on the Pond Supplies button on the top of the site.
Hope this helps?

RJ Edwards March 3, 2012, 8:44 am

When can fish be put in a newly built pond It’s been built about 2 and a half months.

Darrell Rhoades March 4, 2012, 7:17 am

Typically we should wait a year (four seasons), this allows time for the micro organisms to start the eco system.
If we want to jump the gun and get fish early we could add bacteria’s to help get things started such as Pond Clear and Eco Boostand feed the fish the first year.
The best time to add fish would be spring, this gives the fish time to get used to their new home and grow larger so they have the body weight to handle the winter months.

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